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EYE Instruments Labelled plus Uses for OSPE Plus Drugs

Plain Curved scissors
Use: to cut and undermine conjuctiva and skin


Hydrodissection cannula
Use: to perform hydrodissection and hydrodelineation in phacoemulsification


Castroviejo Calliper
Use: to take measurement during squint, ptosis, RD and vitrectomy


Kelman McPherson Forceps or IOL holding forceps (both above)
Use: to hold haptics


                                      
Corneal forceps (both above)
Use: to hold corneal and scleral edge for suturing


Lacrimal probe
Use: to probe nasolacrimal duct


Castroviejo's needle holder
Use: to hold needle for different intra-ocular and extra-ocular surgeries


 
Irrigation and aspiration cannula (both above)
Use: Irrigation and suction of lens


Squint hook
Use: to engage extra-ocular muscles during squint surgery and also used as lens expressor


Ptosis clamp


Chalazion Clamp
Use: Fix chalazion, achieve haemostasis during incision and drainage


Artery Forceps
Use: To catch bleeding vessels and also to hold skin and muscles.


Foreign body Spud
Use: to remove corneal foreign body from cornea


Chalazion Scoop (Right)
Use: Scoop out content of chalazion during surgery and curettage
Chalazion Clamp (Left)
Use: Fix chalazion, achieve haemostasis during incision and drainage



Kelt needle holder
Use: In lid surgery and passing superior rectus suture


Lacrimal Cannula
Use: Syringing the lacrimal passage


Lens Expressor
Use: To apply pressure and also as muscle hook


Keratomes
Use: To make corneal incision for entry into anterior chamber for all cataract surgeries.


Tooke's Knife
Use: To separate conjuctival and sub-conjuctival tissue from sclera and limbus in trabeculectomy and keratoplasty


Wire Speculum
Use: to keep lids apart


Spring Scissor
Use: Cutting and undermining.


Plain Forceps (Top)
Use: to hold tissue and skin during operation.
Fixation Forceps (with teeth) (Bottom)
Use: to fix and hold the eyeball during operation.



Vannas scissors
Use: to cut the vitreous during vitreous prolapse


Evisceration Spatula
Use: to separate the uveal tissue

Superior rectus holding forceps
Use: to hold superior rectus muscle


Arruga's Intracapsular Forceps
Use: To hold the lens capsule to remove the lens in ICCE


Chopper
Use: to split or chop the nucleus


Sinskey hook (IOL dialer)
Use: to dial IOL for proper positioning in lens capsule


Iris repositor (both above)
Use: to reposit iris


Plain Straight Scissor
Use: Cutting


Cat's Paw lacrimal wound retractor
Use: To retratct the skin during lacrimal sac and lid surgery


Cystitome and capsulotome
Use: Anterior capsulotomy during ECCE.


Wire vectis
Use: to remove dislocated lens



Chalazion Clamps
Use: Fix chalazion, achieve haemostasis during incision and drainage


Entropion Clamp


Lid retractor (left)
Chalazion Scoop (right)


Important Drugs For EYE OSPE ( Active Ingredients, MOA, Side Effects)

  • Phenylephrine (Trade Name : Despec, adrenergic) 
  • Atropine (Trade Name : AtroPen, cycoloplegic n mostly RED cover hota hai) 
  • Cyclopentolate (Trade Name : Cyclogyl, AK pentolate, mydriatic n used in Pupillary dilation , Refractive assessment n Uveitis )
  • Tropicamide ( Trade Name :Paremyd) 
  • Beta Blockers
  • Prostaglandins (mostly Laptoprost)
  • Alcaine (Trade name : Proparacaine Hydrochloride Ophthalmic Solution, topical anesthetic)
  • Pilocarpine (Parasympathetic,Trade names : Diocarpine (Dioptic), Isopto Carpine (Alcon)
  • Timolol maleate (Trade name :Timoptic) 
  • Triamcinolone (Trade name :Aristocort, Kenacort, Tri-Nasal)

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