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Final Year MBBS Surgical Instruments




Volkman retractors (ring handle)



used to pull wound edges back to allow access; (looks like an exclamation point is cut out, Oh Man!, Volkman)








Dissecting Scissor straight

Cutting instrument, goes in closed, then opened to open the space in the tissue to 
enhance healing rather than cutting incision cleanly. (If you dissect your sandwich,
 you will find mayo in it)





Dissecting Scissors curved


Cutting instrument, goes in closed, then opened to open the space in the tissue to 
enhance healing rather than cutting incision cleanly (If you dissect your sandwich, you will find mayo in it)




Dressing Forceps - serrated tips






-also called thumb forceps (no teeth-like Grandma when she is still dressing.)
-jaws appear to have vertical serrations at first glance,
but jaws actually have split horizontal serrations to enhance grasping
-used to grasp delicate tissues, organs and vessels


 Dressing Forceps


 serrated (side is shaped like a capital "A")



Tissue Forceps, 1 x 2 teeth


(Teeth = Tissue)
-jaws have teeth


-jaws have fine diamond-shaped serrations to enhance holding onto skin edge when suturing to close

-used to grasp delicate tissue and skin







For following 2 instruments they are generally called ARTERY FORCEPS
BUT THERE ARE TWO COMMON TYPES OF ARTERY FORCEPS (KELLY, CRILE)



(Kelly) Artery Forceps, Straight



(Note that the serrations do not go all the way. Because Kelly is a good girl.)





(Kelly) Artery Forceps, Curved



 (Note that the serrations do not go all the way. Because Kelly is a good girl.)






(Kelly) Artery Forceps close up



(Note that the serrations do not go all the way. Because Kelly is a good girl.) They do on Crile forceps.



(Crile) Artery Forceps, Straight



(Serrations are the whole length of the jaws like a crocodile)



(Crile) Artery Forceps, Curved



(Serrations are the whole length of the jaws like a crocodile)





 (Mayo) Towel Clamp






 (This is too scary to use on the body, so fortunately it is used to clamp towels, not to be used on a human)






 Needle Holder



 delicate jaws  also called needle driver






Senn Retractor




sharp prongs, double end, used to retract wound edges (looks like a pitchfork >> devil >> sin >> Senn)






Allis Tissue Forceps



4x5 teeth or 5x6 teeth (Has Sister Alice's praying hands with interlocking fingers at the end)






Allis Forceps close up of teeth



(Sister Alice's "fingers" when they are not in praying position)



Sims Uterine Sound



Specialty Probing instrument; (you would not put a Pt. in the Sims position but the Lithotomy position for this to be used. Then tell them to be quiet and make no sound)





(Rampley) Sponge holding forceps






 serrated jaws Sponge means gauze, it is for putting gauze in and out of areas to pick up body fluids and drainage. (They have a ring on each side of the jaw.)

-shanks are long with each tip forming an oval
-used for holding sponges securely during prepping or to sponge a wound during surgery
-may be used to grasp non-delicate tissue





Babcock forceps






shaped the same but less traumatic-smoother grasping surface and less tip compression

-each tip forms a half circle when viewed from the side


-used for grasping/holding tissue of the gastrointestinal tract

-may also be used to grasp fallopian tubes, or over a vessel or lymph node to isolate it



"Suction cannula"





-tip has removable cap with hole on end and four holes around the sides

-used to remove fluids from a variety of surgical incisions

-used to remove small amounts of fluid during surgical procedures and can be used for blunt dissection






Gelpi retractor



-self-retaining retraction with an adjustable ratchet look and thumb release

-used to retract heavy tissue such as muscle




balfour abdominal retractor



in its upper three hands with the centre being curved in a way it looks like as if it can hold FOOTBALL 
-self-retaining

-used to retract wound edges and internal organs during abdominal procedures




weitlaner retractor

The jaws looks like the instruments used by farmers in  mowing  WHEAT LANES.
-self-retaining retractor with an adjustable ratchet lock and thumb release

-used to retract tissue in SHALLOW areas





Army-Navy Retractor










uses: Retracting/Exposing
looks like the bumper of an ARMY truck



Malleable/Ribbon Retractor



soft smooth and malleable
uses: Retracting/Exposing deep tissues



















































































5 COMMENTS:

Hanan Tahir said...

very bad.plz wu he post kren ju hmain a skty hen

Anonymous said...

jani
jo uhs ka sirf wo kar la
simple
tension kis bat ki mere dost

Danish Best said...

very nice work hope these will come in our xams,i mean the same pattern,

Awais Imtiaz said...

Hello! I’ve been reading your website for some time now and finally got the courage to
go ahead and give you a shout out from Austin Texas!

Just wanted to mention keep up the good job!

sadaf kureshi said...

Such a noble work done by you..keep it and may Allah bless you
Its very useful
JazakAllah khair